Is Psalm 82 depicting actual gods?
TL;DR: yes, but accusing someone who believes this of polytheism or liberalism is semantic mischief.
Are the first and second commandments morally distinguishable?
It’s a bit of a trick question when I ask it.
Why polytheism = pantheism = monism
Pagan religions seem crazy until you understand what motivates them.
Is Psalm 82 metaphorical?
Is the divine council henotheistic?
There’s a rock and a hard place here for anyone who wants to use that term.
Are pictures of Jesus idolatry? Part 2: what were ancient people thinking?
Thinking so is an understandably venerable Reformed tradition which strikes me as naive and legalistic on several levels. Here, I look at why ancient peoples created idols to worship, and how this radically affects our understanding of the second commandment.
Skeptical naivete about ancient near-Eastern history
Should we even expect accounts of ancient events to reflect historical fact?
What is honor?
And why does it matter to Christians?
Free and cheap resources for understanding the OT in its socio-religious context
A few links for people who aren’t satisfied with “exegesis” that has the serpent in Eden being a snake, or the gods in Psalm 82 being men.